Fallopian Tube Blockage & Infertility

Tubal factor infertility accounts for about 25-30% of all cases of infertility.


Fallopian Tube Blockage & Infertility

8 Mins
Updated on:
February 21, 2023
Female Infertility

Fallopian Tube Blockage & Infertility

What is Fallopian Tube Obstruction?


The egg is transported from the ovary to the uterus by fallopian tubes, which join the uterus and the ovaries. This reproductive organ also serves as a place of conception. The egg is transported down the tube to the uterus where it is implanted when the sperm fertilises it. However, if the tube becomes plugged, the egg cannot pass through.

What are the causes of Fallopian Tubes Blockage?

Infections: Tubal illness may develop if the fallopian tube is irritated. Infertility can result from this. In a small number of instances, the infection may be brought on by a sexually transmitted disease like gonorrhoea or Chlamydia.Infected fallopian tubes can occasionally become inflamed and fill with fluid, causing hydrosalpinx. Tubal obstructions come in the form of hydrosalpinxes. The fimbria end of the tube is obstructed (the external end of the tube, which is in contact with the ovary surface). And the tube is filled with a transparent, watery liquid. In most cases, genital tract infections like Chlamydia are the main cause of this.Surgery: Tube damage could occur as a result of abdominal surgical procedures such tubal ligation removal. Damage could also be caused by any caesarean section complications. Scarring between the end of the ovary and the fallopian tube can also be brought on by conditions including endometriosis and uterine fibroids.

What are the symptoms of blocked fallopian tubes?

In most cases, females with tubal infertility don't exhibit any symptoms. However, in some cases, women with extensive tubal injury report experiencing excruciating pelvic pain.

How to diagnose damaged fallopian tubes?

To diagnosis a tubal obstruction, a thorough pelvic examination and medical history are necessary. Other medical evaluations are crucial for validating the tube obstruction.An X-ray called a hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is used to see if the fallopian tubes are blocked in any way. In order to see any anomalies like polyps or fibroids inside the uterus, this procedure uses a contrast dye. Through a tiny tube put into the uterus through the vagina, the dye is injected. X-rays can reveal any damage, abnormal uterine or tube shape, including the tubal block.Sonohysterogram, often known as a "saline infusion sonogram," is a non-invasive ultrasound procedure. This aids in the visualisation of the uterine cavity (cavity). In the uterine cavity, this method also detects uterine fibroids.In the uterine cavity, this method also detects uterine fibroids. An ultrasound is also used to inspect the ovaries, and the tubes can be seen to rule out hydrosalpinx or ovarian cysts.The womb, the ovaries, and the tubes are completely visible during laparoscopy thanks to the use of a laparoscope. The method determines whether the tubes are intact.

What is the procedure to open the blocked fallopian tubes?

Surgery and in-vitro fertilisation are two common treatment options, depending on the findings of the diagnostic test (IVF).Surgery: The restoration or repair of the fallopian tubes is referred to as tuboplasty. Laparoscopy is used in this surgery to successfully resuscitate a fallopian tube. If the obstruction is at the close-by end of the tube, hysteroscopy is successful. Microsurgery or laparoscopic laser surgery can be used if the tube's far end is occluded. It may lead to the development of scar tissue and the regrowth of adhesion. There is a potential that the obstruction will occur again or that tubes will affix to the abdominal organs. A tubal pregnancy or an ectopic pregnancy are also now more likely. A severe disease known as a tubal pregnancy can result from either tubal ligation or tubal condition. In-Vitro Fertilization: Women with severely obstructed fallopian tubes have minimal chances of getting pregnant naturally. In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) assists females who are infertile in conceiving a child. IVF success is reduced if Hydrosalpinx is present and severely damaged in the tubes, though. Before IVF, the doctor might advise having the clogged tubes removed or closed. Therefore, removal of the tube would also result in a long-term decline in ovarian reserve.

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Is IVF hard on women’s bodies?

You will have much more hormones rushing through your body than usual as a result of all the hormone injections required during IVF. You might feel cranky, bloated, or even high libido as a result of that. It's not uncommon for women to gain a little weight. Hormone injections can affect your weight and also your hunger levels, along with changes in your emotions. Expect some changes to happen in your body and mind.

What is the cost of IVF treatment in Jananam?

Please check the pricing page.

Can I smoke during IVF treatment?

Smoking is a strict "No" if you’re looking to get pregnant. This is applicable to both men and women. Smoking has shown to have a big impact on the quality of the sperms and eggs and hence it’s advisable that you quit smoking if you’re planning to start a family.

What are the steps involved in IVF treatment?

A step by step guide to IVF treatment is conveyed in this video by our Medical Director – Dr Vani Sundarapandian..

Can I work and commute when undergoing IVF treatment?

This can only be suggested on a case to case basis depending on the various factors associated with the patient, such as age, medical condition, quality of eggs/sperms etc.

At what age is IVF most successful?

IVF success rates vary as it depends on multiple factors. One of these major factors is age. The success rate is almost 55-60% in women who are less than 35 years of age. The success rate goes down as the woman’s age increases. Ideally, the 20s and 30s are the best age to have a successful IVF.

How do I prepare my body for IVF?

It's pretty doable. Begin taking prenatal supplements, keep a healthy weight, stop using drugs, drinking alcohol, or smoking, avoid serious infectious infections, which could cause a delay in treatment, and reduce consuming caffeine. Basically, maintain a healthy body by eating healthy and exercising regularly.

How much of infertility is because of the man?

1/3 of infertility cases are attributable to men, 1/3 are attributable to women, and the rest are a combination of male and female factors or unexplained problems.

Do IVF hormones make you emotional?

Some women report having minimal to no reactions, while others say they are extremely anxious or even depressed. So be aware that you can experience an emotional response to the hormone changes; if you do, this is completely normal and okay.

How long should I try before deciding to see a fertility specialist?

If you’re unable to conceive after a year of actively trying to conceive, then you should consult a doctor.

Is IVF painful?

IVF shots are typically not too painful. Although there is a stinging feeling, it is not bothersome. The needles are too thin to cause any pain. When you inject the medication, you can invite your partner or perhaps a friend to stand by your side.

Can i drink alcohol during IVF treatment?

Drinking is strictly discouraged while prepping for IVF. Some studies have shown that alcohol may have an effect on the outcome of IVF.

Do IVF babies look different?

The woman becomes pregnant once the embryo is implanted in her uterus, and after a certain amount of time, she gives birth to her child. IVF children are just like any other children. In fact, it is impossible to tell an IVF baby apart from other kids unless you are told.

What is the cost of IVF treatment in Jananam?

To know more about the cost of IVF treatment, please visit our pricing page.

Are IVF babies always healthy?

Yes is the clear-cut response. With the use of in vitro fertilization (IVF), millions of healthy children have been born. There are no immediate or long-term risks to the child's health associated with the procedure. The method of conception is the main distinction between IVF babies and regular babies.

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