Genetic Disorders & Infertility

An estimated 495,000 infants with congenital malformations, 390,000 with G6PD deficiency, 21,400 with Down syndrome, 9,000 with beta-thalassaemia, 5,200 with sickle cell disease, and 9,760 with amino acid disorders are born each year.


Genetic Disorders & Infertility

6 Mins
Updated on:
February 21, 2023

Genetic Disorders & Infertility

Describe a gene.


"The gene" is the fundamental biological and physiological unit of inheritance. The information needed to determine traits is contained in a gene. In what are known as chromosomes, genes are ordered sequentially.

Describe a chromosome.

One big, complex DNA molecule makes up each chromosome. There are hundreds to thousands of genes on each chromosome. There are 46 chromosomes in all, or 23 pairs, in each typical human cell. Egg and sperm cells are an exception.

How is a person's sex determined?

The other 22 pairs of the 23 chromosomes are referred to as autosomes, and one of the pairings is known as the sex chromosome. An individual typically has two sex chromosomes. Males have one X and one Y chromosome, while healthy females have two X chromosomes (XX) (XY).

A genetic disorder is what?

A condition referred to as a genetic disorder is one that arises from a change or variation within one or more genes. An altered gene is passed down from one or both parents.The classification of genetic illnesses depends on how they are passed down from one generation to the next.A disease or disorder caused by a change or variant in one particular gene is referred to as a single-gene/monogenic disorder. For instance, variations in the HBB gene cause Sickle Cell Anaemia or Thalassaemia.Chromosomal diseases entail changes (in quantity or structure) that affect the entire chromosome or part of the chromosome. As an illustration, an additional copy of chromosome 21 causes Down syndrome.A person's lifestyle and environmental variables may have an impact on complex or multifactorial illnesses, which are caused by coupled genetic changes in several genes. As an illustration, consider diabetes, cancer, heart disease, obesity, blood pressure, and diabetes.

Genetic anomalies brought about by a variety of other factors:

Genetic issues may arise as a result of multifactorial inheritance. This comprises the presence of one or more genes as well as exposure to environmental influences.Certain medical disorders like diabetes, heart issues, asthma, obesity, and malignancies do not all have a single hereditary aetiology.They are frequently connected to the interactions between several genes and specific environmental or lifestyle factors. Consequently, determining a person's likelihood of inheriting these illnesses is exceedingly difficult.

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Is IVF hard on women’s bodies?

You will have much more hormones rushing through your body than usual as a result of all the hormone injections required during IVF. You might feel cranky, bloated, or even high libido as a result of that. It's not uncommon for women to gain a little weight. Hormone injections can affect your weight and also your hunger levels, along with changes in your emotions. Expect some changes to happen in your body and mind.

What is the cost of IVF treatment in Jananam?

Please check the pricing page.

Can I smoke during IVF treatment?

Smoking is a strict "No" if you’re looking to get pregnant. This is applicable to both men and women. Smoking has shown to have a big impact on the quality of the sperms and eggs and hence it’s advisable that you quit smoking if you’re planning to start a family.

What are the steps involved in IVF treatment?

A step by step guide to IVF treatment is conveyed in this video by our Medical Director – Dr Vani Sundarapandian..

Can I work and commute when undergoing IVF treatment?

This can only be suggested on a case to case basis depending on the various factors associated with the patient, such as age, medical condition, quality of eggs/sperms etc.

At what age is IVF most successful?

IVF success rates vary as it depends on multiple factors. One of these major factors is age. The success rate is almost 55-60% in women who are less than 35 years of age. The success rate goes down as the woman’s age increases. Ideally, the 20s and 30s are the best age to have a successful IVF.

How do I prepare my body for IVF?

It's pretty doable. Begin taking prenatal supplements, keep a healthy weight, stop using drugs, drinking alcohol, or smoking, avoid serious infectious infections, which could cause a delay in treatment, and reduce consuming caffeine. Basically, maintain a healthy body by eating healthy and exercising regularly.

How much of infertility is because of the man?

1/3 of infertility cases are attributable to men, 1/3 are attributable to women, and the rest are a combination of male and female factors or unexplained problems.

Do IVF hormones make you emotional?

Some women report having minimal to no reactions, while others say they are extremely anxious or even depressed. So be aware that you can experience an emotional response to the hormone changes; if you do, this is completely normal and okay.

How long should I try before deciding to see a fertility specialist?

If you’re unable to conceive after a year of actively trying to conceive, then you should consult a doctor.

Is IVF painful?

IVF shots are typically not too painful. Although there is a stinging feeling, it is not bothersome. The needles are too thin to cause any pain. When you inject the medication, you can invite your partner or perhaps a friend to stand by your side.

Can i drink alcohol during IVF treatment?

Drinking is strictly discouraged while prepping for IVF. Some studies have shown that alcohol may have an effect on the outcome of IVF.

Do IVF babies look different?

The woman becomes pregnant once the embryo is implanted in her uterus, and after a certain amount of time, she gives birth to her child. IVF children are just like any other children. In fact, it is impossible to tell an IVF baby apart from other kids unless you are told.

What is the cost of IVF treatment in Jananam?

To know more about the cost of IVF treatment, please visit our pricing page.

Are IVF babies always healthy?

Yes is the clear-cut response. With the use of in vitro fertilization (IVF), millions of healthy children have been born. There are no immediate or long-term risks to the child's health associated with the procedure. The method of conception is the main distinction between IVF babies and regular babies.

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