Menstrual Disorder & Infertility

The overall prevalence of different menstrual problems was 60.61%, with dysmenorrhea (50.64%) being most common problem.


Menstrual Disorder & Infertility

8 Mins
Updated on:
February 21, 2023
Female Infertility

Menstrual Disorder & Infertility

What are irregular periods?


When the menstrual cycle span abruptly deviates from the normal range (25-35 days), it is known as an irregular period. It is crucial that women are aware of the wide range of cycle length variations and how cycle duration alters with ageing. The traditional 28-day cycle is the most often observed cycle length, but variations from this duration can still be consistent with ovulation and good health. The length of menstruation might vary greatly as well.An irregular menstrual cycle is a defining feature of irregular periods (either missed, delayed, or intermittent).Amenorrhea is the temporary or permanent absence of menstruation. If it occurs before puberty, during pregnancy, when breastfeeding, or during menopause, it might be seen as normal.The absence of menstruation by the age of 16 in the presence of typical secondary sexual characteristics is known as primary amenorrhoea.Secondary amenorrhoea is the cessation of menstruation in a woman a period of six months who had previously experienced regular periods.The term used in medicine to describe painful periods is dysmenorrhoea.Menorrhagia: Increased discharge of the menstrual fluidIntermenstrual bleeding: Unusually heavy bleeding between periods (periods)

What are the causes of Irregular Periods?

Some of the potential causes of irregular periods include the following:• Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): The most prevalent endocrine disorder affecting women• Hyperprolactinemia: Women who have high blood levels of prolactin may experience anovulation and irregular menstrual cycles.• Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are two thyroid disorders.• Diabetes with poor control: Uncontrolled sugar levels may cause irregular periods.• Eating disorders: Bulimia or Anorexia may cause missed or irregular menstrual cycles.• Stress can cause physical deterioration, such as weight loss and menstruation irregularities.• Exercise-related amenorrhea: Athletes who train hard frequently experience menstrual irregularities.• Primary ovarian insufficiency: a blood test for serum gonadotrophins, including FSH, LH, and oestrogen levels should be part of a baseline evaluation for all women with irregular menstrual periods.

How to diagnose irregular periods?

• Menstrual cycles should be noted in order to specify the precise cycle lengths.• A thorough medical history should be obtained, followed by a physical examination.• Tests of the blood to determine the hormonal state. Serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and estrogen levels should be measured as part of these examinations. The levels of serum Prolactin and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) should also be assessed. A blood test should be performed to rule out pregnancy in women who have menstrual cycle cessation while having previously experienced regular periods (serum BhCG).• Pelvic ultrasound to rule out pathology in the pelvis, such as an ovarian cyst.• Hysteroscopy may be necessary to rule out abnormalities of the uterine cavity, such as adhesions (scar tissue).

How can irregular periods be treated or prevented?

The necessary course of action will be determined by the findings of the tests and the diagnosis.The main goal for women who want to get pregnant is to get their menstrual periods and ovulation cycles back to normal.• Altering one's lifestyle through exercise and a healthy, balanced diet. Having a normal body mass index (BMI) is the goal.• The management of any underlying illnesses• Gonadotrophins, clomid, and letrozole are all used to induce ovulation.• IVF and ICSIIf you are experiencing irregular menstrual cycles or changes to your cycle, it is crucial to visit your healthcare professional. Your healthcare professional will start the necessary inquiries and create a management strategy unique to your needs.

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Is IVF hard on women’s bodies?

You will have much more hormones rushing through your body than usual as a result of all the hormone injections required during IVF. You might feel cranky, bloated, or even high libido as a result of that. It's not uncommon for women to gain a little weight. Hormone injections can affect your weight and also your hunger levels, along with changes in your emotions. Expect some changes to happen in your body and mind.

What is the cost of IVF treatment in Jananam?

Please check the pricing page.

Can I smoke during IVF treatment?

Smoking is a strict "No" if you’re looking to get pregnant. This is applicable to both men and women. Smoking has shown to have a big impact on the quality of the sperms and eggs and hence it’s advisable that you quit smoking if you’re planning to start a family.

What are the steps involved in IVF treatment?

A step by step guide to IVF treatment is conveyed in this video by our Medical Director – Dr Vani Sundarapandian..

Can I work and commute when undergoing IVF treatment?

This can only be suggested on a case to case basis depending on the various factors associated with the patient, such as age, medical condition, quality of eggs/sperms etc.

At what age is IVF most successful?

IVF success rates vary as it depends on multiple factors. One of these major factors is age. The success rate is almost 55-60% in women who are less than 35 years of age. The success rate goes down as the woman’s age increases. Ideally, the 20s and 30s are the best age to have a successful IVF.

How do I prepare my body for IVF?

It's pretty doable. Begin taking prenatal supplements, keep a healthy weight, stop using drugs, drinking alcohol, or smoking, avoid serious infectious infections, which could cause a delay in treatment, and reduce consuming caffeine. Basically, maintain a healthy body by eating healthy and exercising regularly.

How much of infertility is because of the man?

1/3 of infertility cases are attributable to men, 1/3 are attributable to women, and the rest are a combination of male and female factors or unexplained problems.

Do IVF hormones make you emotional?

Some women report having minimal to no reactions, while others say they are extremely anxious or even depressed. So be aware that you can experience an emotional response to the hormone changes; if you do, this is completely normal and okay.

How long should I try before deciding to see a fertility specialist?

If you’re unable to conceive after a year of actively trying to conceive, then you should consult a doctor.

Is IVF painful?

IVF shots are typically not too painful. Although there is a stinging feeling, it is not bothersome. The needles are too thin to cause any pain. When you inject the medication, you can invite your partner or perhaps a friend to stand by your side.

Can i drink alcohol during IVF treatment?

Drinking is strictly discouraged while prepping for IVF. Some studies have shown that alcohol may have an effect on the outcome of IVF.

Do IVF babies look different?

The woman becomes pregnant once the embryo is implanted in her uterus, and after a certain amount of time, she gives birth to her child. IVF children are just like any other children. In fact, it is impossible to tell an IVF baby apart from other kids unless you are told.

What is the cost of IVF treatment in Jananam?

To know more about the cost of IVF treatment, please visit our pricing page.

Are IVF babies always healthy?

Yes is the clear-cut response. With the use of in vitro fertilization (IVF), millions of healthy children have been born. There are no immediate or long-term risks to the child's health associated with the procedure. The method of conception is the main distinction between IVF babies and regular babies.

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