Obesity & Infertility

The prevalence of obesity among Indians increased in 2019-21 compared to 2015-16, as per the latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5) data. Nearly one in every four persons is overweight compared to one in every five earlier.


Obesity & Infertility

8 Mins
Updated on:
February 21, 2023

Obesity & Infertility

What is Obesity?


The term "obesity" describes a condition in which a person is overweight and has an excessive amount of body fat. The chance of developing significant medical conditions such high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, heart disease, stroke, arthritis, and many others is increased by this condition.

What signs and symptoms indicate obesity?

Obesity may not initially manifest any symptoms, but with time as issues start to arise, other symptoms, such as dry mouth and feeling weak with diabetes mellitus, start to emerge. A BMI of 25 or above indicates overweight, and one of 30 or higher indicates obesity.Obesity is a complex medical disorder with a number of root causes, including:Overeating and consuming too many calories can lead to weight gain, especially if the diet is high in fat.Living a sedentary lifestyle: Obesity is a result of insufficient exercise. People are becoming less active as a result of desk occupations, little to no physical activity, and the availability of modern conveniences like washing machines and dishwashers.Lack of sleep: Obesity risk is higher when getting less sleep.Genetics: Genes play a significant impact in the emergence of obesity. Obesity may be caused by specific genetic features acquired from parents, in which case weight loss may be more challenging.Medicines: A number of drugs, such as antidepressants and diabetes medications, can lead to obesity.

How does pregnancy and obesity interact?

Having too much body fat and weight makes getting pregnant challenging. Infrequent ovulation and irregular menstrual cycles are also common effects of obesity. Reduced pregnancy rates can also be observed in obese women who have regular menstrual cycles. Obesity can result in increased oestrogen activity, which can render the endometrium—the lining of the womb—unsuitable for implantation of a pregnancy. Therefore, it is imperative to speak with a reproductive doctor to detect problems linked to obesity that may impact pregnancy prospects.

What impact does obesity have on male fertility?

Male reproduction-related hormonal alterations are influenced by obesity. In comparison to men of normal weight, obese men frequently report having lower sperm counts and motility.

What can be done to help obese men and women become more fertile?

As previously mentioned, obesity can lower a couple's chances of becoming pregnant. The risk of problems during pregnancy and labour might also be increased by obesity. A couple should get pre-conception counselling regarding lowering risks to pregnancy and childbirth in addition to assistance from a fertility doctor.A nutritious diet and regular exercise are both excellent weight-loss strategies. These aid in restoring ovulation, raising chances of conception, and reducing miscarriage rates in obese infertile women. Bariatric surgery may also be infrequently recommended for obese women with a BMI of 40 or above. Significant improvement in obesity-related issues, such as irregular periods and infertility, might be anticipated following surgery.To control this problem, a multidisciplinary approach to weight management may be helpful. This technique includes initial evaluation of infertility and BMI, necessity of lifestyle change, instruction about adequate food, exercise, and behaviour modification. Possibilities of conception may be improved with a more comprehensive approach to obesity and reproductive health.Overweight is defined as having a BMI over 25, and obesity as having a BMI over 30. Obesity is readily caused by bad eating habits and insufficient exercise. Obese people are more likely than average to experience infertility as well as other major health issues. A change in lifestyle, a healthier diet, and exercise can boost fertility and reproductive health.

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Is IVF hard on women’s bodies?

You will have much more hormones rushing through your body than usual as a result of all the hormone injections required during IVF. You might feel cranky, bloated, or even high libido as a result of that. It's not uncommon for women to gain a little weight. Hormone injections can affect your weight and also your hunger levels, along with changes in your emotions. Expect some changes to happen in your body and mind.

What is the cost of IVF treatment in Jananam?

Please check the pricing page.

Can I smoke during IVF treatment?

Smoking is a strict "No" if you’re looking to get pregnant. This is applicable to both men and women. Smoking has shown to have a big impact on the quality of the sperms and eggs and hence it’s advisable that you quit smoking if you’re planning to start a family.

What are the steps involved in IVF treatment?

A step by step guide to IVF treatment is conveyed in this video by our Medical Director – Dr Vani Sundarapandian..

Can I work and commute when undergoing IVF treatment?

This can only be suggested on a case to case basis depending on the various factors associated with the patient, such as age, medical condition, quality of eggs/sperms etc.

At what age is IVF most successful?

IVF success rates vary as it depends on multiple factors. One of these major factors is age. The success rate is almost 55-60% in women who are less than 35 years of age. The success rate goes down as the woman’s age increases. Ideally, the 20s and 30s are the best age to have a successful IVF.

How do I prepare my body for IVF?

It's pretty doable. Begin taking prenatal supplements, keep a healthy weight, stop using drugs, drinking alcohol, or smoking, avoid serious infectious infections, which could cause a delay in treatment, and reduce consuming caffeine. Basically, maintain a healthy body by eating healthy and exercising regularly.

How much of infertility is because of the man?

1/3 of infertility cases are attributable to men, 1/3 are attributable to women, and the rest are a combination of male and female factors or unexplained problems.

Do IVF hormones make you emotional?

Some women report having minimal to no reactions, while others say they are extremely anxious or even depressed. So be aware that you can experience an emotional response to the hormone changes; if you do, this is completely normal and okay.

How long should I try before deciding to see a fertility specialist?

If you’re unable to conceive after a year of actively trying to conceive, then you should consult a doctor.

Is IVF painful?

IVF shots are typically not too painful. Although there is a stinging feeling, it is not bothersome. The needles are too thin to cause any pain. When you inject the medication, you can invite your partner or perhaps a friend to stand by your side.

Can i drink alcohol during IVF treatment?

Drinking is strictly discouraged while prepping for IVF. Some studies have shown that alcohol may have an effect on the outcome of IVF.

Do IVF babies look different?

The woman becomes pregnant once the embryo is implanted in her uterus, and after a certain amount of time, she gives birth to her child. IVF children are just like any other children. In fact, it is impossible to tell an IVF baby apart from other kids unless you are told.

What is the cost of IVF treatment in Jananam?

To know more about the cost of IVF treatment, please visit our pricing page.

Are IVF babies always healthy?

Yes is the clear-cut response. With the use of in vitro fertilization (IVF), millions of healthy children have been born. There are no immediate or long-term risks to the child's health associated with the procedure. The method of conception is the main distinction between IVF babies and regular babies.

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