Semen Analysis

Infertility is on the rise. According to the United Nations, there was a worldwide average of 5 children per woman in 1950, but by 2020, that ratio had dropped to 2 children. Infertility affects 48 million couples and 186 million people globally, according to estimates.


Semen Analysis

4 Mins
Updated on:
February 21, 2023
Male Infertility

Semen Analysis

What is Semen analysis?


The microscopic evaluation of the size, quantity, and motility of sperm is known as sperm analysis. In a lab, it is performed on newly ejaculated semen. This analysis can be used to identify male infertility.There are at least two semen exams performed. This is carried out to properly assess fertility. The quality of the male semen may vary between samples. Despite the fact that the male is fertile, occasionally illnesses, fevers, and infections can lower the male's sperm quality for a few months.

How often is semen analysis done?

A semen analysis is part of the testing of the male partner during a medical evaluation of a pair to test for infertility. This technique can also be used to verify that a vasectomy was successful.

What criteria is this analysis checking?

All these factors are examined during a semen analysis:• Sperm motility; • Sperm count overall (the number of motile sperm in comparison to the non-motile sperm)• Concentration of sperm (also called sperm count, indicating the number of sperm per millilitre of semen)• Sperm vitality, or the number of "living" sperm.• Sperm-related antibodies (a protein that fights sperm)• Semen quantity (the amount of semen a male ejaculates)• Semen pH (used to determine if a man's semen is acidic or alkaline; the reading must be just barely alkaline);Cells in the white blood (which may be a sign of infection)• The proportion of sperm with optimal shapes (normal sperm) as opposed to those with unusual shapes (abnormal sperm).

How is the collecting of semen for testing carried out?

• Within 60 minutes after the examination, a fresh semen sample must be ejaculated for semen testing.• Masturbation is the best way to create semen, which should then be collected in a specimen jar.• The testing facility has a private room where a man can perform this.• If the sample collection is done at home, it must be kept warm and sent as soon as possible to a laboratory (within 60 minutes).• The patient is responsible for making sure that none of the semen samples are misplaced.• Because the sperm is contained in the first portion of the ejaculate, if that portion is lost, the concentration of sperm as a whole is mistakenly reduced.The male does not ejaculate for at least 2 days before the sample is collected.

The sperm is evaluated in what way?

To get the most accurate results, the semen is stored at room temperature. If the patient is nervous or ill when the samples are obtained, this could have a negative impact on the results of the test. Following the collection of the sperm, the sperm is analysed, and skilled specialists run a number of tests to get results.WHO Guidelines for Semen Analysis (2021):1.5 ml in volume, 15 million/ml in concentration 32% have progressive motility. 4% for common kindsSemen analysis can not guarantee fertility because there are other possible reasons for infertility. Despite a very low sperm concentration, the couple may still be able to conceive naturally. The frequency and timing of the couple's sexual activity, the length of time spent trying to conceive, as well as the female partner's age and fertility, can all affect whether or not the couple becomes pregnant.

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Is IVF hard on women’s bodies?

You will have much more hormones rushing through your body than usual as a result of all the hormone injections required during IVF. You might feel cranky, bloated, or even high libido as a result of that. It's not uncommon for women to gain a little weight. Hormone injections can affect your weight and also your hunger levels, along with changes in your emotions. Expect some changes to happen in your body and mind.

What is the cost of IVF treatment in Jananam?

Please check the pricing page.

Can I smoke during IVF treatment?

Smoking is a strict "No" if you’re looking to get pregnant. This is applicable to both men and women. Smoking has shown to have a big impact on the quality of the sperms and eggs and hence it’s advisable that you quit smoking if you’re planning to start a family.

What are the steps involved in IVF treatment?

A step by step guide to IVF treatment is conveyed in this video by our Medical Director – Dr Vani Sundarapandian..

Can I work and commute when undergoing IVF treatment?

This can only be suggested on a case to case basis depending on the various factors associated with the patient, such as age, medical condition, quality of eggs/sperms etc.

At what age is IVF most successful?

IVF success rates vary as it depends on multiple factors. One of these major factors is age. The success rate is almost 55-60% in women who are less than 35 years of age. The success rate goes down as the woman’s age increases. Ideally, the 20s and 30s are the best age to have a successful IVF.

How do I prepare my body for IVF?

It's pretty doable. Begin taking prenatal supplements, keep a healthy weight, stop using drugs, drinking alcohol, or smoking, avoid serious infectious infections, which could cause a delay in treatment, and reduce consuming caffeine. Basically, maintain a healthy body by eating healthy and exercising regularly.

How much of infertility is because of the man?

1/3 of infertility cases are attributable to men, 1/3 are attributable to women, and the rest are a combination of male and female factors or unexplained problems.

Do IVF hormones make you emotional?

Some women report having minimal to no reactions, while others say they are extremely anxious or even depressed. So be aware that you can experience an emotional response to the hormone changes; if you do, this is completely normal and okay.

How long should I try before deciding to see a fertility specialist?

If you’re unable to conceive after a year of actively trying to conceive, then you should consult a doctor.

Is IVF painful?

IVF shots are typically not too painful. Although there is a stinging feeling, it is not bothersome. The needles are too thin to cause any pain. When you inject the medication, you can invite your partner or perhaps a friend to stand by your side.

Can i drink alcohol during IVF treatment?

Drinking is strictly discouraged while prepping for IVF. Some studies have shown that alcohol may have an effect on the outcome of IVF.

Do IVF babies look different?

The woman becomes pregnant once the embryo is implanted in her uterus, and after a certain amount of time, she gives birth to her child. IVF children are just like any other children. In fact, it is impossible to tell an IVF baby apart from other kids unless you are told.

What is the cost of IVF treatment in Jananam?

To know more about the cost of IVF treatment, please visit our pricing page.

Are IVF babies always healthy?

Yes is the clear-cut response. With the use of in vitro fertilization (IVF), millions of healthy children have been born. There are no immediate or long-term risks to the child's health associated with the procedure. The method of conception is the main distinction between IVF babies and regular babies.

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